19th Century Folk Music: The Roots of Americana
19th century folk music was the root of what would eventually become Americana music. This genre of music was born out of the folk traditions of the British Isles, brought over by immigrants to the United States. In the 19th century, folk music was the music of the people, and it was a way for those of different cultures to share their stories and traditions.
The Origins of Folk Music
American folk music is music passed down from generation to generation by people who lived in rural areas of the United States during the 19th century. Folk music is a type of music that is important to a culture and is passed down orally, rather than being written down.
The British Isles
Folk music in the British Isles has its roots in the music of the people who were living there before the Romans came in the first century AD. Celtic music was probably the first type of folk music in the British Isles. The Celts were a group of people who came to the British Isles from Central Europe. They brought with them their own language and culture. The Celts were divided into two groups, the Gaels and the Brythons. The Gaels settled in Ireland, Scotland, and the Isle of Man. The Brythons settled in Wales, Cornwall, and Brittany (a region in northwestern France). Over time, the Celts began to intermarry with other groups of people who came to the British Isles, including Angles, Saxons, Vikings, and Normans. This mixing of cultures led to a rich musical heritage that is still alive today.
One of the most important aspects of Celtic music is its use of improvisation. Celtic musicians often improvise when they are playing together. This means that they do not always play exactly the same thing at exactly the same time. Instead, they each add their own personal touch to the music they are playing. This makes Celtic music very exciting to listen to because you never know quite what you are going to hear next!
Celtic music is also known for its use of unusual instruments. These include such things as bagpipes, fiddles, flutes, harps, and accordions. Celtic musicians often experiment with new sounds by combining different types of instruments together. This gives their music a unique sound that is unlike any other type of music in the world.
The Celts were not the only people who contributed to Britain’s folk music traditions. The Anglo-Saxons , who invaded Britain from northern Germany in 449 AD , also brought their own musical traditions with them . One of these was called ‘ Gregorianchant . ‘ This was a type offolk singing that wasusedin religious ceremonies . It hada very simple melody that was easyto learn and sing . Another Anglo-Saxon contributionwasthe ‘ carol . ‘ A carolwasasongthat tolda storyabout Christmas or anotherreligious event . Manyof Britain’smost popularChristmas carols , including’ SilentNight ‘ and ‘ Hark!TheHerald Angels Sing ,’ started out as German carols before beingadoptedby English-speaking countries .
The Vikings , who began raidingBritainin 793 AD , also left their mark on British folk music . Vikingmusiciansplayedasimple typeof flutecalled apipe . Theyalso played aguitarlike instrumentcalled acitternand adrumcalled atambourine . Vikingmusicianslikedtocomposelong songs aboutheroesand battles called ‘ sagas . ‘ Manyof these songswere passed downfromgenerationtogenerationand arestill popular todayin Scandinaviaand Iceland
Roots music, also called root music or native music, is the traditional and vernacular music of a people group. It includes all forms of folk and country music, as well as blues, rock and roll, Cajun music, Hawaiian music, zydeco and tejano.
The roots of American folk music can be traced back to the 18th century, when the first European settlers arrived in North America. They brought with them a rich musical heritage that was influenced by the cultures of England, Ireland, Scotland and Africa. These early folk songs were typically about everyday life and were passed down from generation to generation.
As the United States began to grow and expand westward in the 19th century, so did its folk music. New genres such as bluegrass and Appalachian mountain music developed from the blending of different traditions. The 20th century saw a further expansion of folk music with the rise of popular musicians such as Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger.
Folk music has always been an important part of American culture. It is a expressions of our history and our values, and it continues to evolve as our country does.
The Development of Folk Music
Folk music has been around since the beginning of time, with every culture and region having its own unique form of the musical genre. In the 19th century, folk music in America developed its own sound and style that would eventually lead to the creation of Americana music. Let’s take a look at how folk music developed in the 19th century.
The 18th Century
laborers. The music they created and sang was a direct expression of their daily lives, and it was quickly adapted and reworked by other folk musicians. This process of musical borrowing and re-creation is at the heart of folk music, and it continues to this day.
During the 18th century, as America began to grow and expand, its people became more mobile. This increased mobility, combined with the effects of the Industrial Revolution (which led to the decline of traditional crafts), led to a decline in the popularity of folk music. Instead, people began to turn to popular songs for entertainment. These songs were often about love or patriotism, and they were easy to sing and remember. Many of them were adapted from folk songs or borrowed from other countries.
The 19th Century
During the 19th century, America was growing rapidly as a nation. People were moving westward in search of new land, and the country was becoming more industrialized. This time of change had a big impact on music. Folk songs were developed by people who were sharing their own culture and tradition with others. These songs were often about everyday life, love, and loss. They were passed down from generation to generation, and they eventually became part of the American musical landscape.
One of the most influential folk songwriters of the 19th century was Stephen Foster. Foster wrote dozens of songs that are still sung today, including “Oh! Susanna,” “camptown Races,” and “Beautiful Dreamer.” His songs captured the spirit of America at a time when the country was changing rapidly.
Folk music continued to evolve in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. New styles emerged, such as blues and gospel. These genres would go on to have a huge impact on American music as a whole.
The 20th Century
The twentieth century was a time of great change for folk music. With the rise of recording technology, folk music became more widely available to the general public. This increased exposure led to the development of new styles and subgenres, as well as the crossover of folk music into other genres such as country, rock, and pop.
The early years of the twentieth century saw the rise of the commercial recording industry and the popularity of vaudeville entertainment. These factors brought about a resurgence in interest in traditional folk music. In response to this demand, Folkways Records was founded in 1948 with the mission of preserving and promoting traditional folk music. The label would go on to release important works by Lead Belly, Woody Guthrie, and Pete Seeger, among others.
The 1950s saw the beginning of the Folk Revival, a movement that sought to bring folk music back to its roots. The Revival was spearheaded by artists like The Weavers and The Kingston Trio, who popularized traditional songs for a new generation. Bob Dylan emerged from this scene in the 1960s and would go on to become one of the most influential musicians of his generation. His work blended elements of folk, rock, and blues to create a unique sound that resonated with listeners of all ages.
The popularity of Dylan and other Folk Revival artists led to a renewed interest in traditional folk music. This resulted in the formation of new collectives like The New Lost City Ramblers and The Greenbriar Boys, who sought to preserve older musical traditions. In the latter part of the twentieth century, these groups influenced a new generation of musicians who would go on to help shape Americana music in the twenty-first century.
The Influence of Folk Music
Though it’s often thought of as songs of the rural poor and uneducated, the fact is that folk music has always been a part of the American musical landscape. The roots of many American popular music genres can be traced back to folk music, and the influence of folk music has continued throughout the years.
On American Music
The music of the United States can be characterized by the use of syncopation and asymmetrical rhythms, long, irregular melodies, which are said to “reflect the wide open geography of (the American landscape)” and the “habits of individualism inherent in American life”. Some distinct aspects of American music, like the call-and-response format, are derived from African techniques and instruments.
Folk music is also an important part of the American musical landscape. While some forms of folk music may be unique to a certain region or culture, others have found new life in America. In fact, many songs that are now considered American folk classics were first popularized by folk musicians in the 19th century.
The term “folk music” can be used to refer to a wide variety of musical genres. In general, however, folk music is rooted in tradition and often tells stories or celebrates historical events. Folk songs may also be used to teach children about their cultural heritage or to promote social and political causes.
Some well-known examples of 19th century folk songs include “Oh! Susanna” (1848), “Home on the Range” (1873), and “She’ll Be Comin’ ‘Round the Mountain” (1880). These songs were originally composed and performed by people who were living outside of mainstream society; they were often passed down from generation to generation by oral tradition.
While some folk songs are still sung in their original form, others have been adapted over time to fit changing musical tastes or Social situations. For example, the traditional British ballad “Scarborough Fair” was popularized in America during the 1960s by Simon & Garfunkel and has since been performed by a wide range of artists from various genres.
On Popular Culture
Folk music has had a lasting influence on popular culture, both in the United States and abroad. The earliest commercial recordings of folk music were made in the late 19th century, and folk music played an important role in the development of country music and blues. Folk songs have also been adapted into popular songs, opera, and Broadway musicals.
Folk music has always been closely associated with social and political movements. In the 20th century, folk musicians such as Woody Guthrie and Pete Seeger used their music to support the labor movement, civil rights movement, and anti-war movement. Folk songs have also been used to promote environmentalism, feminism, gay rights, and other causes.
Folk music continues to be popular in the 21st century. Folk musicians such as Bob Dylan, Joan Baez, and Ry Cooder are still making records and touring internationally. Folk music has also been influential on many other genres of music, including rock, jazz, and hip hop.