A Technique Developed by Lukas Foss in Which Composers Incorporate Music

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


Lukas Foss’s “Crippled Symmetry” is a modern classic that has been performed by some of the world’s leading orchestras.

Who is Lukas Foss?

Lukas Foss was a German-American composer, conductor and pianist. He is known for his work in the field of experimental music, as well as his incorporation of music from a variety of genres and cultures into his compositions. One of his most notable works is the “Time Cycle,” a composition for orchestra and voice that incorporates music from a variety of historical periods.

What is the technique?

Lukas Foss’s technique of music incorporation, also called acculturation, is the assimilation of music from another culture into a composer’s own culture. This can happen in two ways: either by using existing musical materials from another culture, or by composing new music that is influence by another culture’s musical style.

How does the technique work?

Lukas Foss was a composer who was born in Berlin, but moved to the United States to escape the Nazis. He developed a technique whereby composers could incorporate already existing music into their own compositions. This technique is commonly known as “Fossing.”

To incorporate music using the Fossing technique, a composer would take an existing piece of music and re-orchestrate it, or arrange it for a different instrumentation. For example, a composer could take a piano piece and arrange it for a string quartet. In addition to rearranging the music, the composer would also add their own original material.

The Fossing technique was controversial when it was first introduced, as many people felt that it was simply plagiarism. However, over time it has become more accepted, and is now considered to be a valid compositional technique.

Who has used the technique?

Lukas Foss was a 20th century composer who developed a technique called “fossing.” This technique involves incorporating music from other sources into your own composition. Some of the composers who have used this technique include Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein, and John Adams.

Why is the technique important?

The technique known as “open form” was developed by composer Lukas Foss in the 1950s. It is a way of composing in which the composer leaves some aspects of the piece open to interpretation or indeterminacy. This can be done by leaving certain parts of the score unwritten, or by providing multiple possible ways to perform a section. Open form is sometimes compared to “free jazz” in that it allows for more freedom and spontaneity in performance.

Some composers have found open form to be an important tool for creating more expressive and accessible music. By leaving room for interpretation, open form allows performers to add their own personality to a piece. This can make the music more engaging and exciting for listeners, as well as providing a sense of ownership or investment in the piece.

Open form can also be seen as a way of giving performers a greater role in the creative process. This is because they are given more freedom to experiment and shape the music as they see fit. In some cases, performers may even collaborate with the composer to help develop the piece.

What are the benefits of the technique?

The benefits of the technique are that it allows composers to create new sounds and textures, and to explore different ways of using traditional instruments. The technique is also relatively easy to learn, and it can be used to create music for any type of ensemble.

What are the drawbacks of the technique?

There are several potential drawbacks to using this technique, which composers should be aware of before incorporating it into their music. First, the use of pre-recorded music can limit the composer’s control over the final product. Second, the listener’s experience of the music may be lessened if they are unable to follow the changes in the pre-recorded track. Finally, this technique may also make it more difficult for performers to interpret the composer’s intentions.

How can the technique be improved?

Lukas Foss was a 20th-century avant-garde composer who developed a technique that allows composers to incorporate pre-recorded music into their works. This technique, known as “sampling,” has been used by composers such as John Cage, Terry Riley, and Steve Reich.

The technique involves recording a piece of music, then playing it back at a different speed or pitch, or both. This allows the composer to create new parts for the original piece that were not there before. One of the advantages of this technique is that it allows the composer to create works that are much longer than they could otherwise be. Another advantage is that it can be used to create works that have a very dense texture, with many different parts sounding at once.

However, there are some disadvantages to this technique as well. One is that it can be difficult to keep all of the different parts in sync with each other when they are played back at different speeds or pitches. Another is that the final work can sometimes sound disjointed or incoherent if not done carefully.

One way to improve this technique is to use a computer program that can keep all of the different parts in sync with each other. Another way to improve it is to practice it regularly so that you become more familiar with how it works and what its potential pitfalls are.

What are the future applications of the technique?

The technique was used by Foss in his “Monologue for Piano,” composed in 1945. In this work, a solo piano part is played against a recorded background of speech or other sounds. The effect is said to be similar to that of a musical ” collage.”

Since its inception, the technique has been used by a number of other composers, including John Cage, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Steve Reich. Its applications are not limited to the music world, however; filmmakers have also used it to create new soundtracks for existing films.


In many ways, Lukas Foss’sradical idea has revolutionized the way we approach composition today. Not only has it allowed for a greater range of compositional possibilities, but it has also provided a way for composers to express their music in a more personal way. It is safe to say that the composing world would not be the same without Lukas Foss’s contributions.

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