- The origins of British rock music
- The Beatles and the British Invasion
- The Rolling Stones and British blues
- British rock in the 1970s
- Punk rock and new wave
- British rock in the 1980s
- Britpop and alternative rock
- British rock in the 21st century
- The legacy of British rock music
- Recommended further reading
This blog post will take a brief look at the history of British rock music, from its early beginnings in the 1950s right up to the present day. We’ll explore the different genres and sub-genres that have emerged over the years, and how British rock music has evolved and changed over time.
The origins of British rock music
Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated in the United States in the 1950s. The term “rock” encompasses a variety of musical styles, including country rock, folk rock, pop rock, psychedelic rock, and hard rock.Rock music emerged from a blend of African American blues, country music, and rhythm and blues. British rock emerged in the late 1950s as a reaction to the popularity of American rock and roll.
Early British rock bands such as the Beatles and the Rolling Stones were heavily influenced by American musicians such as Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, and Elvis Presley. They later developed their own unique sound that differed from their American counterparts. The Beatles became the most successful band in history, selling more than 800 million records worldwide.
The Rolling Stones were also extremely successful, particularly in the 1960s and 1970s when they were one of the most popular bands in the world. They are considered one of the most influential bands of all time, having helped to shape the sound and style of modern rock music.
The Beatles and the British Invasion
The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. With members John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr, they became widely regarded as the foremost and most influential music band of the 20th century. They were integral to the development of 1960s counterculture and popular music’s recognition as an art form. Rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, their sound incorporated elements of classical music and traditional pop in innovative ways; the band later explored psychedelic rock to tremendous commercial success.
The Rolling Stones and British blues
The Rolling Stones were a British blues band who, along with The Beatles, defined the musical culture of the 1960s. The band was formed in London in 1962 by guitarist and singer Brian Jones, pianist Ian Stewart, bassist Bill Wyman, and drummer Charlie Watts. Vocalist Mick Jagger and guitarist Keith Richards joined the following year. They were soon joined by drummer Mick Taylor, who would stay with the Stones until 1974.
The band’s early repertoire was heavily influenced by African American blues artists such as Muddy Waters and Howlin’ Wolf, as well as their British counterparts such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies. They also began to experiment with other genres, incorporating elements of rock and roll, country, and pop into their sound.
The Stones achieved commercial success with their 1971 album Sticky Fingers, which featured the hit singles “Brown Sugar” and “Start Me Up.” They continued to enjoy success throughout the 1970s and 1980s with albums such as Exile on Main Street (1972), Some Girls (1978), and Tattoo You (1981).
The Rolling Stones are one of the most successful and iconic rock bands of all time. They have sold over 200 million records worldwide and have been inducted into both the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and the UK Music Hall of Fame.
British rock in the 1970s
The 1970s was a time of huge change for rock music. British bands were at the forefront of this musical revolution, with groups such as Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and Queen becoming global superstars.
The early part of the decade saw the rise of so-called “progressive rock” bands, who took rock music in new and experimental directions. This included longer and more complex songs, often with multiple guitar solos and extended instrumental sections.
Later in the decade, punk rock emerged as a reaction against the excesses of progressive rock. Punk bands such as The Sex Pistols and The Clash were characterized by their stripped-down sound and simple three-chord songs. Punk was a major force in British rock music throughout the late 1970s.
Punk rock and new wave
Punk rock and new wave were two of the most important genres of rock music to emerge in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Punk rock was a reaction against the bloated, self-indulgent rock music of the 1970s, while new wave was a more commercial offshoot of punk that incorporated elements of pop and disco. Both genres had a major impact on British culture, paving the way for subsequent movements like Britpop and indie rock.
British rock in the 1980s
In the 1980s, British rock music was dominated by a few key bands and artists. The new wave of British heavy metal, led by Iron Maiden and Judas Priest, had a huge impact on the rock world and metal scene in the United States. Another popular band from this era was Def Leppard, who combined elements of hard rock and pop to create a unique sound. The 1980s also saw the rise of new wave bands like Duran Duran and Tears for Fears. These groups were able to cross over into the mainstream pop charts with their catchy hooks and danceable beats.
Britpop and alternative rock
In the early 1990s, a new generation of British bands emerged who evoked the sounds of the 1960s British Invasion. This wave of bands, led by acts such as Oasis and Blur, became known as Britpop. Britpop bands brought British alternative rock into the mainstream and revitalized interest in the local music scene.
While Britpop was the dominant force in British rock for much of the 1990s, other genres such as jungle, drum and bass, trip hop, and garage were also thriving. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a new wave of British rock bands emerged who were influenced by alternative rock and post-punk. These bands, known as indie rock or alternative rock, included groups such as Radiohead, Travis, and Coldplay.
British rock in the 21st century
British rock music has undergone something of a renaissance in the 21st century. While the 1990s saw the rise of Britpop bands like Blur and Oasis, the new millennium has seen a new wave of British rock acts achieve global success.
Some of the biggest British rock bands of the 21st century include Muse, Radiohead, Coldplay, and The Killers. These bands have achieved massive success both in the UK and internationally, selling millions of records and playing to huge audiences around the world.
While some traditionalists may decry the current state of British rock music, there’s no doubting that it is still hugely popular both at home and abroad.
The legacy of British rock music
British rock music has had a profound impact on the development of rock music across the world. From the early days of Beatles-inspired Beat Groups, through the explosion of creativity and diversity in the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the worldwide phenomenon of stadium rock in the 1980s, British rock has continually shaped and influenced popular music for over half a century.
In the early days of rock music, British bands such as The Kinks, The Who and The Rolling Stones were at the forefront of a new musical style that was exciting, energetic and rebellious. They would go on to inspire subsequent generations of British bands including Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and Queen, who would take rock music to new heights in terms of creativity, technical proficiency and commercial success.
Today, British rock bands such as Muse, Radiohead and Coldplay are still making a significant impact on popular music, continuing the long tradition of British excellence in this field.
Recommended further reading
There are a number of excellent books on the history of British rock music. Here are a few that we recommend:
-The Beatles: An Illustrated History by Harry Castleman and Walter J. Podrazik
-This Searing Light, the Sun and Everything Else: Joy Division by Jon Savage
-Touch Me I’m Sick: The Story of the Stooges by David Fricke
-Please Please Me: The Beatles’ Story on Stage and in the Studio by Paul Du Noyer