Classical Music of the Romantic Period

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


The Romantic period in music ran from about 1815 to 1910. It was a time when composers sought to break free of the confines of the classical period, which focused on order, balance, and restraint.


The Romantic period in music lasted approximately from 1815 to 1900. This was a time of tremendous change in music, with new genres and styles constantly being created. The Romantic period is often considered to be one of the most important and influential periods in Western classical music.

During the Romantic period, composers began to write music that was more emotionally expressive and developed new techniques to create more complex and beautiful sounds. They also started using richer harmonies and larger orchestras. The result was music that was more powerful and expressive than anything that had been written before.

Some of the most famous composers of the Romantic period include Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Frederic Chopin, Felix Mendelssohn, Giuseppe Verdi, Johannes Brahms, and Richard Wagner. These composers created some of the most beloved pieces of classical music that are still performed today.

What is Romanticism?

Classical music of the Romantic period (ca. 1810-1910) was marked by increased attention to an individual’s expression of emotion and individuality, as well as a departure from the rigid musical structures of the Classical period. composers sought to evoke specific moods or states of mind in their music, and they frequently did this by writing program music, or music that tells a story.

One of the most important things to remember about the Romantic period is that it was a time of great change—not only in music, but also in art, literature, and philosophy. This means that Romantic composers were influenced by many different things, and as a result, their music can sound quite different from one another.

The Romantic Period in Music

The Romantic period in music lasted from about the early 1800s to 1910. This time period is known for its intense focus on emotion and individualism, as well as its marked departure from the formal rules of earlier periods. Expression and imagination were uncontrolled, and composers strove to evoke strong feelings in their music. Major works from this time include Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony and Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake ballet.


The Romantic period was one of the most important and influential in the history of Western classical music. It began in the early 19th century and lasted until the early 20th century. The main characteristics of Romantic music are its emotional intensity, its expanded harmonic vocabulary, and its increased use of expressive and contrapuntal melodic lines.

The first Romantic composers were Luigi Cherubini, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Karl Maria von Weber, and Gaspare Spontini. However, the most important and influential Romantic composer was Ludwig van Beethoven. His music bridged the gap between the Classical period and the Romantic period. His work helped to define what Romantic music would become.

Some of the most important works of the Romantic period include Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 (1824), Franz Schubert’s Symphony No. 8 (1828), Felix Mendelssohn’s Symphony No. 4 (1832), Frederic Chopin’s Prelude in E minor (1834), Hector Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique (1830), Robert Schumann’s Piano Concerto in A minor (1841), Franz Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies (1846-47), and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake (1876).

-Major Composers

The Romantic period in music lasted from about 1820 to 1900. It was characterized by an emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as a departure from the rigid structures of the Classical period. Major composers of the Romantic period include Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann, and Brahms.


In conclusion, the Romantic period in classical music was one of great turmoil and change. New musical styles and genres emerged, and composers increasingly explored emotions and personal expression in their work. While the period witnessed some of the most iconic pieces of classical music ever written, it was also a time of great flux, as composers experimented with new ways of writing and performing.

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