Early Electronic Music Pioneer Dies at 97

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Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


We are saddened to report that one of the earliest pioneers of electronic music has passed away at the age of 97.

Karlheinz Stockhausen was a German composer who is widely credited as being one of the first to experiment with electronic music. He was also a pioneer in the use of spatialization techniques, making his music some of the most immersive and multi-dimensional ever created.

Stockhausen’s work has influenced generations of musicians and composers, and his


Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of the printing press, died on February 3, 1468. On October 15, 1815, Edward Jenner, the pioneer of vaccination, passed away. On May 8, 1997, another pioneer died. His name was Raymond Scott, and he was a pioneer of electronic music.

Scott was born in Brooklyn, New York on September 10, 1908. He began his musical career as a jazz pianist and bandleader in the 1930s. He became interested in electronic music in the 1940s and began experimenting with early synthesizers in the 1950s. In 1957, he released his first album of electronic music, Soothing Sounds for Baby (later reissued as Soothing Sounds for Baby: Volume 1).

In addition to his work as a composer and musician, Scott was also an inventor. He invented several pieces of electronic music equipment, including the Rhythmicon (a machine that could create rhythms), the Cyclone (an early synthesizer), and the Sequencer (a device that could record and playback sequences of notes).

Raymond Scott died on May 8, 1997 at the age of 88.

Background and Early Life

François Bayle, a French composer who helped shape the sound of electronic music, died on March 23, at the age of 97.

Bayle was born in 1922 in Nice, France. He began his musical training at a young age, studying piano and violin. He later attended the Paris Conservatory, where he studied composition with Olivier Messiaen and Pierre Boulez.

In the early 1950s, Bayle became interested in electronic music. He began working withPierre Schaeffer, a pioneer of musique concrète (a type of music that uses recorded sounds as its primary material). Together, they founded the Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM), a studio dedicated to the exploration of avant-garde music.

At the GRM, Bayle composed some of his most famous works, including “Aurora” (1972) and “L’espace acoustique” (1981). He also worked on multidisciplinary projects with filmmakers and dancers. In addition to his work as a composer, Bayle was also a professor at the Paris Conservatory from 1971 to 1990.

Bayle’s work has been widely celebrated; he received France’s highest honor for arts and letters, the Legion d’Honneur, in 1999.


French composer and early electronic music pioneer Pierre Henry has died at the age of 97, his family has announced.

Henry was born in Paris in 1927, and began his career as a composer in the 1940s. He rose to prominence in the 1950s with his work on the soundtrack for the film Les Enfants Terribles, which won him critical acclaim.

In the 1960s, Henry began experimenting with electronic music, and became one of the pioneers of the genre. He collaborated with avant-garde composer and musician Pierre Schaeffer to create some of the first electronic music pieces, including “Symphony for a Solitary Man” and “Themes and Variations for Magnetic Tape.”

Henry’s work continued to evolve over the decades, and he continued to experiment with new technologies and sound-making devices. He composed music for film, theater, ballet, and television, and produced countless solo albums. His final album, “Celui qui n’a jamais vu de désert,” was released in 2015.

Henry died on Thursday, July 4th at his home in Paris. His wife Michèle Henry announced his death on Friday, July 5th.

Later Years and Death

In his later years, Mr. Koenig continued to compose and perform, and his work was included in exhibitions and concerts devoted to early electronic music. In 2012, the German city of Cologne organized a three-day festival called “Koenig plays Koenig” in honor of his 90th birthday, at which he performed some of his most well-known pieces.

Mr. Koenig died on March 4, 2016, at the age of 97.


With the passing of Pauline Oliveros, the music world has lost one of its most innovative and influential figures. A true pioneer in the field of electronic music, Oliveros was instrumental in developing new ways of creating and performing music with technology.

Oliveros was born in 1932 in Houston, Texas. She began playing piano at a young age and went on to study music at the University of Houston. In the 1950s, she became interested in electronic music after hearing works by composers such as Karlheinz Stockhausen and Pierre Henry. In 1957, she co-founded the San Francisco Tape Music Center, which became an important hub for avant-garde music and experimental performance.

Over the course of her career, Oliveros released a number of ground-breaking recordings and compositions. She was also a prolific writer, educator, and thinker, publishing several books on her theories of Deep Listening. In 2016, she was awarded the prestigious Golden Globe Award for Lifetime Achievement in Music.

Oliveros leaves behind a legacy that will continue to inspire and challenge musicians for years to come.

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