The Most Famous Pieces of Classical Music

A guide to the most famous pieces of classical music, including works by Beethoven, Bach, and Mozart.


Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western music, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music. While a more precise term is also used to refer to the period from 1750 to 1820 (the Classical period), this article is about the broad span of time from before the 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. The central norms of this tradition became codified between 1550 and 1900, which is known as the common-practice period.

The Four Seasons

The Four Seasons (Italian: Le quattro stagioni) is a set of four violin concerti by Antonio Vivaldi. They were written around 1716–1717 and published in 1725 in Amsterdam, together with eight additional concerti, as Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione (The Contest Between Harmony and Invention). The four seasons are intended to evoke the different seasons of the year.

The concerti have been a hugely popular work since their publication. The first three concerti, “Spring”, “Summer” and “Autumn”, were written in 1716, while “Winter” was composed in early 1717. All four were completed by March 1717, and Vivaldi registered them with the Venetian Senate on 11 March as his Opus 8, titled Il cimento dell’armonia e dell’inventione. Vivaldi took some of the material he had used in these works and reworked it into other concerti, but maintained enough of their distinctive character that modern scholars have been able to recognize them as belonging to this original set.

The slow movement of “Winter” uses material from a lost sinfonia in D minor, RV Anh 56, which was probably composed during Vivaldi’s time at the Ospedale della Pietà. This suggests that Vivaldi intended the work to be performed by students at his institution.

Moonlight Sonata

Moonlight Sonata is one of the most popular pieces of classical music ever written. Composed by Ludwig van Beethoven, it is one of his best-known works and has been played by countless pianists over the years. The piece is actually quite short, clocking in at just under three minutes, but its beautiful melody and emotive chord progression have made it a timeless classic.

Symphony No. 5

The Symphony No. 5 in C minor of Ludwig van Beethoven, Op. 67, was written between 1804-1808. It is one of the best-known compositions in classical music, and one of the most frequently played symphonies. First performed in Vienna’s Theater an der Wien in 1808, the work achieved its prodigious reputation soon afterward. E. T. A. Hoffmann described the symphony as “one of the most important works of the time”.

The symphony was Beetoven’s favorite and most-performed work; he once remarked that “had I to choose which one to keep, I would not give up this symphony for any other”. Many critics have noted that it is lyrical for a symphony from Beetoven’s middle period.

Canon in D

Canon in D is a popular pieces of classical music composed by Johann Pachelbel. It was originally meant to be played on a keyboard instrument such as a harpsichord or organ. The piece is in the key of D major and consists of a series of notes played in a repeating pattern. The melody is simple and catchy, making it one of the most popular classical pieces ever written. It has been used in countless movies, TV shows, and commercials over the years, and is instantly recognizable to many people.

The Nutcracker

The Nutcracker is a two-act ballet, originally composed by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky in 1892. The ballet was choreographed by Lev Ivanov and Marius Petipa, based on a story by E. T. A. Hoffmann called “The Nutcracker and the Mouse King”. The ballet was first performed in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on December 18th, 1892.

The ballet is about a young girl named Clara who receives a nutcracker doll as a Christmas present from her godfather, Drosselmeyer. That night, she has a magical dream in which the Nutcracker comes to life and defeats an army of mice. He is then transformed into a handsome prince, and the two of them dance together in the Land of Snow before departing for the Land of Sweets.

The most famous section of the ballet is the ‘Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy’, which is often performed as a standalone piece. Other popular sections include the ‘Waltz of the Flowers’ and ‘Trepak’.

The Nutcracker has become one of the most popular ballets in the world, and its music is some of the most recognizable classical music there is. If you’ve ever heard ‘The Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy’ or ‘Waltz of the Flowers’, then you’ve heard music from The Nutcracker!


In conclusion, there are many famous pieces of classical music that have stood the test of time. From Bach’s “Brandenburg Concerto” to Beethoven’s “Symphony No. 9,” these pieces continue to dazzle and delight audiences around the world. While there are too many great pieces of classical music to list in one article, these ten works are certainly some of the most famous and beloved.

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