Space Debris – Live at the Psychedelic Space Rock Festival

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


Watch Space Debris perform their song “Live at the Psychedelic Space Rock Festival” and check out other videos from the festival!


Space Debris is a German Krautrock band, formed in 1994 by guitarist and vocalist Stefan Koglek. The band uses a mixture of vintage and modern equipment to create their unique brand of space rock. Over the years, Space Debris has released four studio albums, as well as a live album recorded at the Psychedelic Space Rock Festival in 2006.

What is Space Debris?

Space debris is a man-made object in orbit around Earth, such as a piece of rocket or a spent satellite. Debris can come from a number of sources, including:

Natural Debris

Space debris is any man-made or natural object in orbit around the Earth that no longer serves a useful purpose. The term includes spent rocket stages, defunct satellites, and fragments from collisions. Natural debris includes meteoroids, dust, and volcanic ash.

Since the 1950s, the amount of space debris has been increasing exponentially as more and more objects are launched into orbit. As of 2016, there were an estimated 170 million pieces of debris larger than 1 cm orbiting the Earth, and millions of smaller pieces. The Kessler syndrome is a theoretical situation where the amount of debris is so great that collisions between objects could cause a chain reaction that would result in even more collisions. This could eventually render orbital space unusable for satellites and other spacecraft.

There are a number of efforts underway to mitigate the problem of space debris. One is to design spacecraft that are easier to track and monitor, so that if they do become damaged or defunct they can be moved out of the way of other objects. Another is to create technology that can actively remove space debris from orbit.

Artificial Debris

The term artificial debris, or space junk, encompasses all man-made objects in orbit around Earth that no longer serve a useful purpose. This includes defunct satellites, spent rocket stages, cm fragments from collisions, as well as paint flecks and dust released during orbital operations.

As technology has advanced, so too has our ability to place larger and more sophisticated payloads into orbit. However, with this capability comes the increased risk of collisions and resulting space junk. In 1957, the launch of Sputnik 1 created the first man-made object in orbit and began the era of space exploration. Since then, over 6300 satellites have been launched for a variety of peaceful purposes including communications, navigation, weather forecasting and TV broadcasts.

In addition to these operational spacecraft, there are an estimated 23000+ objects larger than 10 cm and millions of pieces of debris smaller than 1 cm that are currently being tracked by space agencies around the world. The Kessler Syndrome is a theoretical situation where the density of artificial debris in low Earth orbit becomes so great that collisions between objects could set off a chain reaction leading to even more collisions. This could eventually render certain orbital regimes unusable for generations to come.

As our reliance on space assets increases, it is important to understand the dangers posed by artificial debris and take measures to mitigate its impact.

The Problem with Space Debris

Space debris, also known as orbital debris, is a danger to both manned and unmanned spacecraft. It is composed of everything from spent rocket stages and defunct satellites to paint chips and flecks of ice. Even a small piece of space debris can cause serious damage to a spacecraft, and the problem is only getting worse as more and more debris is generated.

The Kessler Syndrome

Space debris, often called space junk, is a growing problem. It consists of defunct satellites, spent rocket stages, and other man-made objects in orbit around Earth. As the number of objects increase, the risk of collisions also increases, which could create more debris and heighten the risk of further collisions. This scenario is known as the Kessler Syndrome.

The Kessler Syndrome was first proposed in 1978 by NASA scientist Donald J. Kessler. He examined the possibility of a runaway chain reaction of collisions that would create ever-increasing amounts of debris. Such a scenario could render certain orbital regions unusable for generations and make space exploration and utilization much more difficult and expensive.

There are currently about 500,000 pieces of space debris larger than a marble orbiting Earth. Most are small fragments created by collisions or explosions. But there are also nearly 2,000 defunct satellites and more than 16,000 spent rocket stages that add to the problem. The International Space Station has had to take evasive action several times to avoid collision with larger pieces of debris.

The Kessler Syndrome is not just a theoretical problem; it is already happening. In 2009, two intact satellites collided over Siberia, creating more than 2,000 pieces of new debris. And in 2013, another collision created more than 500 pieces of new debris. As the number of objects in orbit around Earth continues to increase, so does the risk of collisions and further debris production.

There are several mitigation strategies that can be used to reduce the amount of space junk, but none are foolproof. One is to design spacecraft that will burn up completely upon reentry into Earth’s atmosphere. Another is to equip spacecraft with devices that will enable them to de-orbit at the end of their useful life span. But both of these strategies require advanced planning and foresight, which has been lacking in many cases up to now.

The problem of space junk is a complex one without any easy solutions. It is an ongoing threat to the safe operation of spacecraft and astronauts alike, and it must be addressed if we are to maintain our presence in near-Earth orbit in the future.

The Solutions to Space Debris

Space debris, also known as space junk, is a growing problem. There are over 500,000 pieces of debris floating around in Earth’s orbit. This debris can damage satellites and even put astronauts in danger. In this article, we’ll discuss the problem of space debris and some potential solutions.

The Active Debris Removal

ADR is a method of removing space debris from orbits using a spacecraft or another man-made object. The most common ADR methods are either to grab the debris with a net or a claw, or to collide with the debris, which would cause it to change course and eventually fall out of orbit and burn up in the atmosphere.

In September 2018, the European Space Agency (ESA) announced that it had selected a company called ClearSpace SA to build the world’s first active debris removal (ADR) spacecraft, which is scheduled to be launched in 2025. The selected ADR mission concept is based on a robotic spacecraft that will rendezvous with and capture an ESA Vespa exoatmospheric re-entry vehicle demonstrator satellite, which was deployed into orbit in 2013.

There are several other companies and organizations working on active debris removal concepts, including JAXA in Japan, Astroscale in the United Kingdom, and Secure World Foundation and their DART mission concept in the United States.

The Passive Debris Removal

There are many ways to remove debris from orbit, but most of them areLogistical and expensive. The most common method is what’s called the “passive debris removal,” or PDR. This is when a piece of debris is removed by another object, usually a satellite or the ISS. The object will Grapple the debris and then push it out of orbit. This is tough to do because satellites are often moving at high speeds relative to the debris they want to remove, making it hard to line up a grapple. And even if they manage to do it, there’s no guarantee the debris will stay out of orbit — it could just end up hitting another satellite.


Overall, we thought that the concert was excellent. The energy was high, the musicians were tight, and the light show was spectacular. We would definitely recommend seeing Space Debris if you have the chance.

Similar Posts