What Is Tonic in Music Theory?

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,

The initial note (degree) of any diatonic (e.g., major or minor) scale is known as the tonic. It is the scale’s most significant degree, acting as the focal point for both melody and harmony.

Similarly, How do you find tonic in music?

The tonic may be found both at the beginning and at the conclusion of the tune. Extraction of the melody’s scale is a typical process. Take the final note and arrange the other notes following it in ascending sequence until no other pitch appears to stand out with the steadiness of the tonic. The tonic is the first step.

Also, it is asked, What is a tonic chord in music theory?

The tonic chord is the key’s initial (or root) chord. It generates resolve and sets the tonal core. The subdominant chord is the key’s fourth chord. It creates tension by emphasizing movement away from the tonic chord. The dominant chord is the key’s fifth chord.

Secondly, Why is it called tonic in music?

On a major or minor scale, the tonic is the first, last, and most essential note. Tonal music, or music based on the tonal system, is music created utilizing the major and minor scales. The tonic of the major or minor scale employed in a composition or piece of music is also the key of the composition under this approach.

Also, How do you start a tonic?

The tonic is established by the root tone, the third tone, and the fifth tone, which together form the tonic triad and provide the performer and listener the impression of being “at home,” if not at the beginning of a phrase, then primarily towards the conclusion.

People also ask, What is tonic vs dominant?

A scale degree is the designation given to each note in a scale. The tonic is the initial (and last) note. The dominant note is the fifth note. The subdominant is the fourth note in the scale.

Related Questions and Answers

What is tonic and diatonic?

In tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music, and traditional music, the tonic is the first scale degree () of the diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is usually employed in the final cadence.

What is the subdominant in the key of a?

In Roman numeral analysis, the subdominant chord in a major key is usually represented by the Roman numeral “IV,” signifying that the chord is a major triad. It is represented by the letter “iv” in a minor key, signifying that the chord is a minor triad.

Is the tonic the same as the key?

The tonic is often known as the key note since it is the predominant note in any key. (Therefore, key-notes!) The chord (triad) based on the first scale degree is also known as the tonic in music.

What is subdominant music?

The fourth note of the diatonic (seven-note) scale in Western music (e.g., F in a scale based on C), so called because it is a fifth below the tonic; the dominant, on the other hand, is a fifth above the tonic (e.g., G in a scale based on C).

How many tonalities are in music?

A key’s tonic may be any of the 12 tones on the chromatic scale. As a result, there are 12 major keys and 12 minor keys that may be employed in music. The key signature, a collection of sharp or flat characters at the beginning of each staff in musical notation, indicates the key.

What are the three notes in a tonic chords?

In the key of D major, the tonic triad is composed of the notes D-F#-A. Tonic triads are always constructed using the same key’s tonic, third, and fifth degrees.

What is the tonic note of a melody?

The initial note (degree) of any diatonic (e.g., major or minor) scale is known as the tonic. It is the scale’s most significant degree, acting as the focal point for both melody and harmony.

Does music always end on the tonic?

Frequently, the piece will conclude on the tonic or a note from the tonic chord! Take note of whether the song began on the tonic, what note the music finished on (and if it seemed “complete” and like a natural resting point), and what the song’s key was while you were listening.

Where can I find tonic chords?

Listen for the Note that sounds like a Resting Point and find the Tonic. This is known as a tonic. To identify the notes following the tonic, use the Whole-Whole-Half-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole-Whole Make a list of your triads and use your ear to locate the remainder of the song’s chords.

What is the tonic note in G major?

G major is a musical key in which G is the tonic note, or the first note of the scale.

What is the mediant in music?

Mediant. The third note in the scale is the mediant. The note that is halfway between the tonic and the dominant is referred to as the mediant (or middle).

What is EM scale?

EM gauge is a 4 mm to a foot (1:76) scale used in model trains, called after the track gauge of a nominal Eighteen Millimetres.

What is a supertonic in music?

The supertonic is the second degree of the diatonic scale, or a chord having the second scale degree as its root, in music or music theory. The note D, for example, is the supertonic in the C major scale.

What is the subdominant of G major?

C major

What chord is IV?

The IV chord is a F major and is formed similarly from the fourth note of the scale (F, with A and C piled on top); the V chord is a G major and is built from the fifth note of the scale (G, plus B and D). The chord is major if the Roman number is uppercase; minor if it is lowercase.

What is the 5th note of tonic?

The most powerful

What is the 6th scale degree?


Is DOH always C?

Doh is always C in France. The root note will be modified to alter the key to G major.

What is B minor in music?

The pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A make up the B minor scale, which is based on B. Two sharps make up its key signature. D major is its relative major, while B major is its parallel major.

What is a perfect cadence?

Two chords at the conclusion of a musical section make a cadence. Perfect cadences provide the impression that the song is coming to a finish. The chords V – I create a wonderful cadence. Surprise cadences are cadences that are interrupted. You expect to hear a beautiful cadence, but instead you hear a minor chord.


The “what is a tonic note” is the first note of a scale. It’s also called the keynote, or C-1.

This Video Should Help:

The “scale degrees” are the number of half steps in a given scale. The tonic is the first note in a key signature and is located at the bottom of the circle.

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