Which of the Following Music Styles Was Invented Before Jazz?

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,

Find out which of the following music styles was invented before Jazz. You may be surprised by the answer!

Classical Music

Classical music is a genre of art music that originated in Europe in the early 1700s. It is a broad term that can refer to anything from the well-known compositions of Beethoven and Mozart to the modern classical works of composers like John Cage. Jazz, on the other hand, is a genre of music that originated in the United States in the early 1900s.


Jazz is considered a uniquely American art form that originated in the early 20th century, but its roots are grounded in African and European music traditions. Jazz has been influenced by music from West Africa, Europe, and the Americas.

The word “jazz” has a history that is as complex as the music itself. The word is believed to be derived from “jasm,” a slang term used in New Orleans in the early 1900s to describe energetically played dance music. Jazz was also influenced by the blues, a style of music created by African Americans in the Deep South that incorporated elements of African and European musical traditions.

The earliest recorded use of the word “jazz” was in a 1917 review of a New Orleans performance by bandleader Wilbur Sweatman. The first known use of the word in reference to music from Chicago was in a 1920 article in Variety magazine.

Over time, jazz has been developed and redefined by musicians around the world. While some purists argue that true jazz can only be created by American musicians, others assert that jazz is an international language that can be spoken fluently by musicians from any country.


All of the following music styles were invented before jazz except for one. Can you identify which style is the odd one out?

– Baroque music
– Classical music
– Romantic music
– Modernist music

Jazz is a musical style that originated in the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was originally developed by African American musicians who blended elements of European and African musical traditions. Jazz has been very influential on other musical genres, and many of its characteristics have been incorporated into other styles of music.

Baroque Music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. This era followed the Renaissance and preceded the Classical era. The term “baroque” comes from the Portuguese word barroco, meaning “misshapen pearl”.


The first half of the 18th century witnessed the culmination of two centuries of work on tuning theory and the invention of equal temperament, which made a vastly expanded repertoire of music possible. The result was a burst of musical activity unmatched since the time of the Renaissance. The main types of music produced during this era are listed below, along with their approximate dates.

-Oratorial works: early 1700s
-Opera: mid-1700s
-Instrumental music: late 1600s to early 1700s
-Vocal music: late 1500s to early 1600s


The first musical style that is generally considered to be jazz was developed in New Orleans in the early 1900s. This style, which was also known as Dixieland, featured a combination of Ragtime, African American spirituals, and blues. The first jazz recording was made by the Original Dixieland Jass Band in 1917.

In the 1920s, a new style of jazz called Swing developed. This style featured a larger band with more horns and a stronger rhythm section. The most famous Swing bandleader was Duke Ellington.

In the 1930s, another new style of jazz called Bebop emerged. This style featured smaller bands and emphasized improvisation. The most famous Bebop musician was Charlie Parker.

Jazz has continued to evolve since the 1930s, with new styles such as Hard Bop, Free Jazz, and Fusion developing.

Romantic Music

Also known as “the New Music,” Romanticism was a period of Western classical music that ran from the late 18th century to the early 19th century. This period saw composers move away from the structured, formal styles of the previous period called the Classical era. Music became more expressive and emotional, often inspired by nature, literature, and folk music.


It is widely believed that Jazz originated in New Orleans, Louisiana around 1895. However, the term ‘Jazz’ was not used to describe this new type of music until around 1912. Ragtime, which was very popular in the early 1900s, is often seen as a precursor to Jazz. Although Ragtime and Jazz share some similarities, they are two distinct genres of music.

The following music styles were all invented before Jazz:
-Ragtime (1895)
-Blues (1900)
-Dixieland (1902)
-New Orleans Jazz (1902)
-Chicago Style Jazz (1917)


The most common romantic music styles are opera, symphony, art song, and solo piano music. All of these genres were developed during the Romantic era. Although some of these genres were developed earlier, they reached their height of popularity during the Romantic era.


Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States. It originated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as “America’s classical music”.


Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States. It developed from roots in blues and ragtime, and features brass and woodwind instruments such as the trumpet, saxophone, and clarinet, as well as drums and guitar. Its popularity spread across the globe in the early 20th century, and by the 21st century it was performed in many different styles by musicians in dozens of countries.


Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States. It emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime. Jazz is seen by many as ” America’s classical music”. Since the 1920s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical expression.It then emerged in the form of independent traditional and popular musical styles, all linked by the common bonds of African-American and European-American musical parentage with a performance orientation. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Jazz has roots in West African cultural and musical expression, and in African-American music traditions including blues and ragtime, as well as European military band music. Imagination was freed from dogma.” The emancipation of sound” happened with Duke Ellington & Co..

In the 1930s, closely related forms of jazz began to emerge in Europe and Asia. The term “jazz” has been applied to a wide range of music from ragtime to rock since its origins early in the 20th century. We explore some different types of jazz below.

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