Which of These Artists is Associated with Jazz Music?

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


Find out which of your favorite artists are associated with jazz music and learn a little bit about the history of this genre.

Miles Davis

Miles Davis was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, and composer. He is among the most influential and acclaimed figures in the history of jazz and 20th century music. Davis adopted a variety of musical styles throughout his career, which included a period as a bebop innovator, playing on cool jazz recordings, and experimenting with rock and roll.

Louis Armstrong

Jazz is a music genre that was born in the early 20th century in the African-American communities of the Southern United States. Since then, it has spread around the world and come to be associated with some of the most famous names in music history.

One such name is Louis Armstrong, who was born in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1901. He began playing the cornet at a young age and rose to prominence in the city’s vibrant jazz scene. He went on to become one of the most influential musicians of his generation, and his style – known as “Satchmo” – became synonymous with jazz itself.

Other artists who have come to be associated with jazz include Miles Davis, Billie Holiday, and Ella Fitzgerald. Jazz has also been strongly influenced by African music, as well as by Latin American styles such as bossa nova and salsa.

Duke Ellington

Duke Ellington is one of the most important figures in the history of Jazz music. He was born in Washington D.C. in 1899 and was a talented pianist from an early age. He started playing in nightclubs in the city and soon gained a following. In 1923, he moved to New York, where he quickly became one of the most popular bandleaders in the city. His band, which featured some of the greatest jazz musicians of all time, including saxophonist Johnny Hodges and trumpeter Cootie Williams, became world-famous. They toured Europe and Africa in 1933 and played at Carnegie Hall in 1943. Ellington continued to perform and compose until his death in 1974.

Ella Fitzgerald

Ella Fitzgerald is an American jazz singer who lived from 1917-1996. She is often referred to as the First Lady of Song and Lady Ella. She was a popular figure in the jazz world and her career spanned more than 50 years. In addition to her work as a singer, she also worked as a bandleader, composer, and actress.

Billie Holiday

Billie Holiday was an American singer who was famous for her interpretation of jazz music. She is considered to be one of the greatest vocalists of all time.

Charlie Parker

Charlie Parker was an American jazz saxophonist and composer. He is considered to be one of the most influential jazz musicians of all time. Parker was a leading figure in the development of bebop, a style of jazz characterized by fast tempos, virtuosic technique, and advanced harmonic analysis.

Thelonious Monk

Monk was an American jazz pianist and composer known for his unique improvisational style. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential figures in jazz history. Monk’s career began in the early 1940s, and he gained a reputation as an innovator during the 1950s.

Dizzy Gillespie

Dizzy Gillespie was an African American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer and singer. He was born in 1917 in Cheraw, South Carolina, and died in 1993. Gillespie was a leading figure in the development of bebop and modern jazz. He is best known for his virtuoso playing, his comedic stage presence and his collaborations with Charlie Parker.

John Coltrane

John Coltrane was an American jazz saxophonist and composer who was among the most influential musicians of his era. He was known for his horn playing and for his pioneering work in the free jazz genre.

Ornette Coleman

Ornette Coleman was an American jazz saxophonist, violinist, trumpeter, and composer who was one of the major innovators of the free jazz movement of the 1960s. He was born in Fort Worth, Texas, and began playing saxophone when he was ten years old. Coleman’s first professional band was with Pee Wee Crayton in 1949, and he made his recording debut on Crayton’s “Blues After Hours” in 1951. He began working with pianist Cecil Taylor in 1953, and she has been one of his most important musical collaborators. Coleman’s first recorded compositions were on Taylor’s “Conquistador” (1956) and “Looking Ahead!” (1958).

Coleman’s musical style is characterized by its dissonance, unconventional harmonic progressions, and extended chromaticism. He was also an important figure in the development of free jazz, a style of jazz that emphasizes improvisation over melody or chord progressions. Coleman’s best-known works include “Lonely Woman” (1959), “Turnaround” (1960), “Free Jazz: A Collective Improvisation” (1961), and “Skies of America” (1972). He won the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 2007 for his album Sound Grammar.

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