Which Group of Americans Created Blues and Jazz Music?

This article is a collaborative effort, crafted and edited by a team of dedicated professionals.

Contributors: Andranick Tanguiane, Fred Lerdahl,


The blues and jazz genres of music have their origins in the American South. These genres were created by African Americans who had to endure a lot of hardship and pain. The music was a way for them to express their emotions and tell their stories.

The African American Community

African American slaves were brought to the United States from the early 1600s up until the late 1800s. They were forced to work on plantations in the southern states. Many of the slaves came from West Africa, where they had a rich culture of music and storytelling. The slaves brought their music with them to the United States, and it eventually evolved into blues and jazz.

The Great Migration

The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West from 1916 to 1970. Driven by a desire for better jobs, working conditions, and social opportunities, African Americans left cities like Memphis, Tennessee, and New Orleans, Louisiana, seeking a better life. The migration had a profound impact on American society—and particularly on the nation’s cities.

In the early 20th century, most African Americans lived in the South, where they faced legal and economic discrimination. Jim Crow laws mandated racial segregation in public places, and few black people could vote or serve on juries. In 1911, for example, only two percent of eligible black voters in Mississippi were registered to vote. Blacks also faced discrimination in housing and employment. Many jobs were off-limits to them, and black workers were often paid less than white workers for doing the same job.

The situation began to change during World War I (1914-1918). With so many men fighting overseas, there was a labor shortage in the United States. To fill these vacant jobs—in factories, railroads, and shipyards—employers began recruiting workers from the South. This “Great Migration” of African Americans from rural to urban areas changed the face of America.

The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that began in the late 1910s and lasted for about 10 years. It was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City. The Harlem Renaissance is considered to be one of the most important periods in African American history.

The Renaissance got its start around 1918, when a group of black artists, writers and musicians moved to Harlem. They were inspired by the vibrant African American culture that they found there. They also believed that Harlem could be a gathering place for black people from all over the country to share their talents and ideas.

The Renaissance reached its height in the 1920s. That was when many black artists, writers and musicians made their mark on American culture. Their work helped to change the way that Americans thought about race and racism. It also showed white Americans that black people could create beautiful and powerful art.

The European American Community

It is widely believed that blues and jazz music originated from African American communities. However, these genres of music actually originated from the European American community. The reason for this is because these genres of music were created by people who were living in poverty and wanted to express their struggles and triumphs.


Ragtime is a musical style that enjoyed its peak popularity between 1897 and 1918. It was the first truly American form of music and its catchy, syncopated rhythms captivated audiences across the country. Because it was so accessible and easy to dance to, ragtime quickly became one of the most popular forms of music in the early 1900s.

Ragtime was created by African American musicians living in the southern United States. They used a variety of instruments, including pianos, guitars, banjos, and drums, to create a new sound that was distinctly different from anything that had come before. One of the key features of ragtime is its use of syncopated rhythms, which give the music a distinctive ” choppy” feel.

Ragtime’s popularity began to decline in the 1920s as newer musical styles, such as jazz and swing, started to gain popularity. However, ragtime has experienced something of a resurgence in recent years, thanks in part to its use in films such as The Artist and The Great Gatsby.


Originating in New Orleans at the start of the 20th century, Dixieland Jazz was the first style of jazz music. It was created by African Americans who mixed ragtime, blues, and march music together. The most famous Dixieland Jazz band was led by Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five.

The Creole Community

The Creole community were a group of African Americans who lived in New Orleans, Louisiana. They were known for their distinct music, which later influenced the development of both blues and jazz music. The Creole community was also responsible for other significant cultural achievements, such as the creation of the Mardi Gras festival.

New Orleans

New Orleans is a city with a rich history and a unique cultural heritage. The city is best known for its role in the development of blues and jazz music, and it is home to a large community of Creole people.

The Creole people are a group of Americans who are descended from the original French settlers of New Orleans. They have kept their own culture and traditions alive throughout the years, and they continue to play an important role in the city’s music scene. If you’re interested in learning more about the Creole community, be sure to check out some of the resources below.

The French Quarter

The French Quarter is a historic district in New Orleans, Louisiana. It is also known as the Vieux Carré (“Old Square” in French) or simply the Quarter. The district is Altitude: 3 ft (1 m) bounded by Rampart Street to the north, Canal Street to the south, Iberville Street to the east and Esplanade Avenue to the west. It then further into the Marigny and Treme neighborhoods.

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